WHY EUROPE? THE POST-COLONIAL ERA
Heavy European involvement, specifically British and French, in the Middle Eastern region began quite early on in history.
British involvement in the Middle East began with its focus on India, and any event that would or could potentially effect India or benefit the British control over the nation the British would be involved in. What would this British influence lead to in the post- colonial era is a flood of Middle Eastern people going back to the city that ruled the global empire; London. What usually happens in the metropole in the post- colonial era is that people now know the language, and if they want a job they have to go back to metropole, meaning that London would be soon filled up with predominantly Indian and Pakistani peoples, a key feature of the post- colonialism era. The same feature occurred in France, who’s metropole, Paris, ruled areas such as Algeria, Lebanon, and Syria, embedding in them French culture. When the Lebanese civil war would occur in 1975 Lebanese people would go back to their metropole.
The study of post- colonialism is important because the post- colonial experience is what set up the dynamics of ISIS in Europe, considering all the foreign- fighters fighting for ISIS in today’s world. When we talk about foreign fighters coming from London or Paris to join ISIS, we have to consider that these men were actually from India, Pakistan and other colonies of the Middle Eastern regions. These people were the ones who left the United Kingdom or France, people such as Algerians, Moroccans and others, to fight for ISIS. A question may arise now; what about the fighters that attack the metropole directly in today’s world? In the past few years we have seen many terrorist attacks in capital cities such as London and Paris, and these men are the ones who could not leave the country to cross the border to join ISIS in their national land and therefore chose to attack the metropole directly.
An example of this can be seen with the November 2015 attacks in Paris, who’s fighters were Algerians and Moroccans fighting for ISIS. Of course only being a Moroccan, Algerian or Tunisian believing in the Muslim religion and looking towards ISIS for a new family or a new type of protection does not automatically make you a terrorist who’s willing to attack your metropole, there are a series of similar characteristics and equations that outline the reasoning behind extreme terrorists and their actions. With the post- colonialism era the main focus is usually on generations.
The first generation families who made the journey from countries such as Algeria, Lebanon and Morocco to cities such as Paris and London, and therefore have struggled a lot to do so and have probably given up everything to search for a better life and a better future for the family, that generation of immigrants will not be the ones to join ISIS. This is because those people have sacrificed too much in their lifetime to join ISIS, and their goal was nothing but to create a new life for their kids and their future kids.
However, when this generation had kids, therefore being the second generation, these kids will be born in the metropole, usually segregated from the society and connected to some sort of criminal law, and these will be the young men who will be most susceptible to join ISIS, fight for them, and be willing to come back and attack their metropole who treated them so poorly in their upbringing.